biografia de mahatma gandhi

biografia de mahatma gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi: A Life of Nonviolent Resistance

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, revered as Mahatma (meaning “great soul”), was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist who led the successful campaign for India’s independence from British rule using nonviolent resistance. His philosophy and actions inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Early Life and Education:

  • Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, to a Hindu family.
  • Influenced by his deeply religious mother and exposed to Jain ideals of nonviolence.
  • Studied law at the Inner Temple in London, returning to India in 1891.

South Africa and Satyagraha:

  • Faced racial discrimination in South Africa, starting in 1893.
  • Developed his philosophy of Satyagraha – nonviolent resistance based on truth and justice.
  • Led protests against discriminatory laws and injustices against Indians, gaining recognition and support.

Return to India and Independence Movement:

  • Returned to India in 1915 and began organizing nationwide campaigns against British rule.
  • Led the Salt March and other nonviolent protests, mobilizing millions of Indians.
  • Championed Hindu-Muslim unity and social reforms like fighting against untouchability.

Key Contributions and Legacy:

  • Achieved India’s independence in 1947 through his nonviolent struggle.
  • Inspired movements for civil rights and freedom around the world, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.
  • Advocated for simple living, self-reliance, and spinning khadi (handmade cloth) as symbols of self-sufficiency.
  • Remains a revered figure in India and a global icon of peace and nonviolent resistance.

biografia de mahatma gandhi

Additional Information:

  • Assassinated on January 30, 1948, by a Hindu nationalist extremist.
  • His teachings and writings continue to influence social and political movements worldwide.
  • Numerous books, films, and documentaries explore his life and legacy.

For further exploration:

  • Mahatma Gandhi Memorial, New Delhi
  • Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad
  • Gandhi Institute for Peace, Pune
  • “The Story of My Experiments with Truth” by Mahatma Gandhi
  • “Gandhi” film by Richard Attenborough

Please note: This is a brief overview. If you have specific aspects of Gandhi’s life or work you’d like to know more about, feel free to ask!

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