biography of jose rizal

biography of jose rizal

José Rizal: A Complete Biography

Full Name: José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda

Birth: June 19, 1861, Calamba, Laguna, Philippines

Death: December 30, 1896, Manila, Philippines

Nationality: Filipino

Occupation: Doctor, writer, poet, sculptor, teacher, farmer, nationalist

Claim to Fame: Philippine National Hero

Early Life:

  • Born into a wealthy mestizo family, Rizal displayed exceptional talent and intellect from a young age.
  • Studied philosophy and medicine, eventually becoming an ophthalmologist.
  • Witnessed firsthand the injustices and abuses faced by Filipinos under Spanish colonial rule.

Writings and Activism:

  • Wrote two novels, “Noli Me Tangere” and “El Filibusterismo,” exposing the social and political ills of the Spanish regime.
  • Became a key figure in the Propaganda Movement, advocating for peaceful reforms and assimilation into the Spanish system.
  • Traveled extensively across Europe, gaining exposure to different cultures and political ideas.

Exile and Execution:

  • Despite advocating for reform, Rizal’s writings drew the ire of the Spanish authorities.
  • Exiled to Dapitan in Mindanao, where he practiced medicine, established a school, and engaged in agricultural pursuits.
  • Falsely accused of inciting rebellion following the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution in 1896.
  • Tried and executed by the Spanish colonial government.


  • Rizal’s death became a rallying cry for the revolutionaries, ultimately leading to Philippine independence in 1898.
  • He is venerated as a national hero, with numerous monuments, schools, and institutions named after him.
  • His writings continue to inspire Filipinos and advocate for social justice and reform.

biography of jose rizal

Additional Information:

  • Rizal was a polymath, skilled in various disciplines besides medicine and writing.
  • He spoke 22 languages and dialects fluently.
  • His life and works offer valuable insights into the history of Philippine nationalism and the fight for independence.

Further Resources:

I hope this provides a comprehensive overview of José Rizal’s life and legacy. If you have any further questions or want to delve deeper into specific aspects of his story, please feel free to ask!

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