biography of laxmi prasad devkota

biography of laxmi prasad devkota

Laxmi Prasad Devkota: The Bard of Nepal

Laxmi Prasad Devkota (1909-1959) was a towering figure in Nepali literature, widely regarded as the nation’s “Mahakavi” (Great Poet). Here’s a comprehensive look at his life and legacy:

Early Life and Education (1909-1929):

  • Born on the night of Lakshmi Puja (Festival of Lights) in 1909 (1966 BS) in Dhobidhara, Kathmandu.
  • Son of Teel Madhav Devkota, a Sanskrit scholar, who instilled a love for learning in young Laxmi Prasad.
  • Received his early education under his father’s guidance, mastering Sanskrit grammar.
  • Attended Durbar High School, where he studied both Sanskrit and English.
  • Completed his matriculation exams in Patna at the age of 17.
  • Enrolled in Tri-Chandra College for a Bachelor of Arts and concurrently pursued a Bachelor of Laws (though he didn’t complete Law).

Literary Career (1930-1959):

  • A prolific writer, Devkota excelled in various genres: poetry, plays, novels, and essays.
  • Broke away from the dominant Sanskrit-influenced style, incorporating elements of Nepali folk traditions.
  • His 1930 masterpiece, “Muna Madan,” a long narrative poem in folk style, became a bestseller and established his fame.
  • Other notable works include “Sulochana,” “Kunjini,” “Bhikhari” (The Beggar), and “Shakuntala” (inspired by Kalidasa’s classic).
  • Devkota’s poetry explored themes of love, loss, social issues, and human emotions.
  • He also translated renowned works of world literature into Nepali, enriching the literary landscape.
  • Briefly entered politics, but his true passion remained literature.

biography of laxmi prasad devkota


  • Devkota’s influence on Nepali literature is unparalleled.
  • He is credited with modernizing Nepali poetry and making it accessible to the masses.
  • His works continue to be read, recited, and adapted for stage and screen.
  • He is considered a national treasure, with his birthday celebrated as “Laxmi Prasad Devkota Day” in Nepal.

Additional Notes:

  • Devkota’s life wasn’t without struggles. He faced personal challenges and mental health issues.
  • Despite the hardships, his dedication to his craft and the power of his words cemented his place as a literary giant.

This is a comprehensive overview of Laxmi Prasad Devkota’s life and achievements. To delve deeper, you can explore biographies or critical analyses of his works.

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