edgar allan poe biography

edgar allan poe biography

Early Life

  • Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. His parents, Elizabeth Arnold Poe and David Poe Jr., were both actors.
  • His father abandoned the family when Edgar was three years old, and his mother died of tuberculosis a year later.
  • Edgar was then taken in by John and Frances Allan, a wealthy couple from Richmond, Virginia. They never officially adopted him, but he lived with them until he was 21.

Education and Military Service

  • Poe attended boarding schools in England and Virginia, and then he went on to study at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville.
  • However, he was forced to leave the university after one year due to gambling debts.
  • In 1827, he enlisted in the U.S. Army under the assumed name “Edgar A. Perry.” He served for two years and was then discharged in 1829.

Literary Career

  • Poe began his literary career in the early 1830s. He wrote poetry, short stories, essays, and literary criticism.
  • His first collection of poems, “Tamerlane and Other Poems,” was published in 1827.
  • In 1841, he won a literary contest for his short story “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” which is considered to be the first modern detective story.
  • Some of his other famous works include “The Raven” (1845), “The Tell-Tale Heart” (1843), and “The Fall of the House of Usher” (1839).

Personal Life

  • Poe’s personal life was troubled. He was never financially successful, and he struggled with alcoholism and gambling.
  • In 1836, he married his 13-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm.
  • Virginia died of tuberculosis in 1847, and Poe died two years later under mysterious circumstances. The cause of his death is still unknown.

edgar allan poe biography


  • Edgar Allan Poe is considered one of the most important figures in American literature. His work has had a profound influence on writers in the United States and around the world.
  • He is best known for his dark and suspenseful stories, which often explore themes of death, madness, and the supernatural.
  • His poems are also highly regarded for their musicality and beauty.

Here are some additional facts about Edgar Allan Poe:

  • He is considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre.
  • He was also a pioneer of science fiction and horror fiction.
  • His work has been translated into many languages and has been adapted into films, television shows, and video games.
  • He is buried in Baltimore, Maryland.

I hope this information is helpful! Let me know if you have any other questions.

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