karpoori thakur biography

karpoori thakur biography

Karpoori Thakur: A Champion of the Downtrodden

Early Life and Activism:

  • Born: January 24, 1924, in Pitaunjhia village, Samastipur district, Bihar
  • Belonged to the Nai (barber) community
  • Influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and Satyanarayan Sinha
  • Joined the All India Students Federation as a young man
  • Active participant in the Quit India Movement, imprisoned for 26 months
  • Completed his law degree after independence

Political Career:

  • Entered politics through the Socialist Party
  • Known for his fiery speeches and advocacy for the underprivileged
  • Championed land reforms, minimum wages, and social justice
  • Played a key role in merging the Socialist Party and Bhartiya Kranti Dal into the Janata Party
  • Served as Bihar’s Chief Minister twice:
    • 1970-71
    • 1977-79
  • Popularly known as “Jan Nayak” (People’s Hero) due to his dedication to the common people

karpoori thakur biography

Key Achievements:

  • Introduced the “Karpoori Thakur Minimum Wages Act” to guarantee fair wages for agricultural workers
  • Fought against corruption and championed a life of simplicity for politicians
  • Strong advocate for prohibition in Bihar, although it wasn’t implemented during his tenure
  • Led the first non-Congress government in Bihar after independence


  • Remembered as a champion of the underprivileged and a symbol of resistance against injustice
  • His life and work continue to inspire social activists and politicians in India
  • Recently awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, on January 23, 2024

Additional Information:

  • You can find more detailed information about Karpoori Thakur on his Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karpoori_Thakur
  • Several books and documentaries explore his life and work, such as “Karpoori Thakur: A Biography” by Bimal Prasad and “Jan Nayak Karpoori Thakur: Ek Jeevan Gatha” by Upendra Nath Rai

I hope this information is helpful! Please let me know if you have any other questions.

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