tolkien biografia

tolkien biografia

J.R.R. Tolkien: A Complete Biography

Early Life and Family:

  • Born: January 3, 1892, in Bloemfontein, South Africa
  • Parents: Arthur Reuel Tolkien (Bank Manager) and Mabel Suffield
  • Brother: Hilary Arthur Reuel Tolkien
  • Early Loss: Lost father at age 4 and mother at 12, raised by guardian priest

Education and Academic Career:

  • King Edward’s School in Birmingham: Showed early interest in languages and storytelling
  • Exeter College, Oxford: Studied English Language and Literature (B.A., 1915; M.A., 1919)
  • World War I: Served in the British Army, saw action on the Somme
  • The Oxford English Dictionary: Briefly worked on the dictionary after the war
  • Academic Tenure:
    • Professor of English Language at the University of Leeds (1920-1925)
    • Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford (1925-1945)
    • Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford (1945-1959)

tolkien biografia

Literary Works:

  • Early Writings: Invented languages, fairy tales, and poems from a young age
  • The Hobbit: Published in 1937, initially intended as a children’s book but gained wider popularity
  • The Lord of the Rings: Epic fantasy trilogy published in 1954-1955, considered one of the greatest works of fantasy literature
  • Other Works: Unfinished tales, poems, essays on language and mythology

Personal Life:

  • Marriage: Married Edith Bratt in 1916, had four children (John, Michael, Christopher, and Priscilla)
  • Catholic Faith: Devout Catholic throughout his life, faith influenced his writings
  • Nature Lover: Found inspiration for his worlds in the English countryside


  • Literary Impact: The Lord of the Rings revolutionized fantasy genre, inspiring countless authors and adaptations
  • Cultural Influence: Tolkien’s works have had a profound impact on popular culture, influencing films, music, video games, and more
  • Linguistic Contributions: Created elaborate fictional languages like Elvish and Dwarvish, impacting fantasy world-building
  • Enduring Popularity: Tolkien’s works continue to be enjoyed by readers worldwide, and his legacy as a master storyteller lives on

Further Resources:

I hope this provides a comprehensive overview of J.R.R. Tolkien’s life and works. If you have any specific questions or areas of interest, feel free to ask!

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