why does the menstrual cycle stop during menopause

why does the menstrual cycle stop during menopause

During menopause, the menstrual cycle stops due to a significant decrease in the production of two key hormones: estrogen and progesterone. These hormones play critical roles in regulating the various stages of the menstrual cycle.


  • Stimulates the growth of the uterine lining (endometrium) in preparation for pregnancy.
  • Plays a role in ovulation, the release of an egg from the ovary.


  • Helps maintain the thickened endometrium if pregnancy occurs.
  • Triggers the shedding of the endometrium (period) if pregnancy doesn’t happen.

why does the menstrual cycle stop during menopause

As a woman approaches menopause:

  • Ovaries gradually decrease production of both estrogen and progesterone.
  • Fluctuating hormone levels during perimenopause cause irregular periods.
  • Once estrogen levels fall below a certain threshold, ovulation stops completely.
  • Without ovulation, there’s no need for the endometrium to thicken, and progesterone production becomes sporadic.
  • Periods eventually cease altogether.

This hormonal shift can also cause other symptoms like:

  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood swings
  • Changes in body weight

Consulting a healthcare professional can help manage these symptoms and improve well-being during menopause.

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